Kalbos / Anglų kalba

Pension system models and management tendencies in EU

0 atsiliepimų
Autorius:

Questions on the pension system reform in Lithuania are becoming more and more actual. The actuality of the pension system reform is conditioned by the social-economic situation in Lithuania. According to the data of EUROSTAT, expansions on pensions in Lithuania were only 63,2 GDP in 2004 compared to a total of EU-15. It is forecast that a number of elderly people will grow from 15 percent in 2004 to 26,7 percent in 2050. It means that expenses on pensions will increase because of growing number of pensioners; accordingly, the level of social insurance has to be raised. From 1995 to 2006 an average level of state social insurance pension in Lithuania more than trebled but the level of average pension is still less than minimum pension of EU – 15. Reformation of pension system of Lithuania is also stimulated by the European Union membership and participation in the social policy of the European Union.

The European Union institutions clearly define a task of the European social policy: to preserve and develop European social model by using effective measures . A valuable experience of the European Union pension systems models has to be accepted for the development of the pension system model in Lithuania due to the fact that no common Europian social model exist. The high economic and social development level is characteristic for some states (i.e., Sweden, Netherlands); consequently the analysis of the European Union (e.g. the United Kingdom, Sweden, Netherlands, France, Germany, Italy, Spain) and Lithuanian pension system models carried out in this work can help to evaluate a status of Lithuanian pension system and to determine reform tendencies.

Actuality of the topic is proved by the legal acts. The Lithuanian Convergence program 2006 states that though a number of pensioners will increase fast and due to a low birth rate and emigration numbers of active people will decrease in the third decade of this century, the financing of social security system must ensure sustainable social guarantees . The Lithuanian National Report on the adequate and sustainable pensions strategy 2005 points out that an average social insurance pension (having indispensable pension record) in 2005 was only 45,8 percent of a total average net salary. 2003 pension system reform was financed by the State social insurance fund; it means that the problem of social insurance pension replacement rate remains urgent .

Darbo tipas:
Dalykas:
Apimtis:
5125 žodžiai (-ų)
Lygis:
Universitetas
Atsisiųsti

Jums gali būti aktualu

Vartotojai, įsigyję šį darbą, taip pat peržiūrėjo
National crisis management system in Lithuania
Referatas National crisis management system in Lithuania

  Currently, crisis management system in Lithuania is defined by these documents: Act of National Security Fundamentals; The [...]

Cardiovascular system
Prezentacija Cardiovascular system

Anglų kalbos prezentacija apie širdies ir kraujagyslių sistemą. Ruošta pirmame odontologijos kurse. [...]

Nervous system
Prezentacija Nervous system

The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is a division of the peripheral nervous system that influences the function of internal organs. [...]

The lungs and respiratory system diseases
Prezentacija The lungs and respiratory system diseases

šThe symptoms of diphtheria usually begin two to seven days after infection. The symptoms of [...]

Essay: The Handy Guide to the Gurus of Management from  the BBC World Service
Rašinys Essay: The Handy Guide to the Gurus of Management from the BBC World Service

I was listening to The Handy Guide to the Gurus of Management from the BBC [...]

Frazeologizmų vartosenos tendencijos dienraščių antraštėse/pokalbių svetainėse
Referatas Frazeologizmų vartosenos tendencijos dienraščių antraštėse/pokalbių svetainėse

Šios temos pasirinkimą nulėmė jos aktualumas ir platumas (tai, kad ji dar palyginti nedaug nagrinėta).

Endocrine system
Prezentacija Endocrine system

 ENDOCRINE SYSTEM OVERVIEW: Endocrine system – is a chemical messenger system consisting of glands which [...]

Political system of Lithuania
Rašinys Political system of Lithuania

In the opinion of the population, the biggest problems in Lithuania are low income of [...]

Directly elected prime minister’s effects to a political system
Rašinys Directly elected prime minister’s effects to a political system

As written in the article, the idea of directly elected prime minister was active in [...]

Galvanic SPA System II poveikis pigmentuotai odai
Kursinis darbas Galvanic SPA System II poveikis pigmentuotai odai

Pigmentacija – viena opiausių šiandienos problemų. Pasak dermatologų Lietuvoje pigmentacijos problemų nemažėja, o su jomis [...]

Ūkio ekonomikos būklės kitimo tendencijų ir užimtumo sąryšio tyrimas: Lietuva ES kontekste
Diplominis darbas Ūkio ekonomikos būklės kitimo tendencijų ir užimtumo sąryšio tyrimas: Lietuva ES kontekste

Darbo aktualumas. Pastaraisiais metais šalies ūkiui buvo būdingas didelis plėtros greitis: 2005 m. pridėtinės vertės [...]

Norway and Great Britain: choosing different models of welfare state
Tyrimas Norway and Great Britain: choosing different models of welfare state

Introduction             In the middle of 20th century the conception of what was called a State [...]

Jaunimas vis geriau išmano naująsias technologijas. Remdamiesi konkrečiais pavyzdžiais, paaiškinkite, kokią įtaką kultūrai gali turėti ši tendencija
Rašinys Jaunimas vis geriau išmano naująsias technologijas. Remdamiesi konkrečiais pavyzdžiais, paaiškinkite, kokią įtaką kultūrai gali turėti ši tendencija

Gyvename XXIa., kuriame technologijos yra labai išvystytos. Sakoma, kad sritis, visiškai nesusijusios su technologijomis, privalo [...]

Lietuvos ir ES šalių darbo rinkų analizė: vystymosi tendencjos, prognozės, perspektyvos
Diplominis darbas Lietuvos ir ES šalių darbo rinkų analizė: vystymosi tendencjos, prognozės, perspektyvos

Paprastai darbo rinka suvokiama kaip politikos sritis, apsprendžiama konkrečiais socialiniais ir visuomeniniais – politiniais sprendimais [...]

Branduolinės energetikos ateitis: brideriai (breeder reactor), greitintuvo valdomi reaktoriai (accelerator-driven system), kompaktiniai branduoliniai reaktoriai (mini-nuclear reactors)
Referatas Branduolinės energetikos ateitis: brideriai (breeder reactor), greitintuvo valdomi reaktoriai (accelerator-driven system), kompaktiniai branduoliniai reaktoriai (mini-nuclear reactors)

Branduolinė energija kasdieniniame gyvenime jau yra naudojama daugiau nei penkiasdešimt metų, tačiau ji vis dar [...]